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Measuring and Monitoring good Governance in Africa: The African Governance Report (AGR)

Geographical Scope: 
Regions:
Country:
Purpose: 
The ECA governance project aims at measuring and monitoring progress in governance on the African continent using three complementary research instruments, with three different research techniques:
 
  1. expert surveys
  2. household surveys
  3. desk research
 
The data collected provide a balanced picture of governance in project countries by ensuring the inclusion of the perceptions of the elite and those of the broad populace on different aspects of governance, complemented by objective information on important governance inputs, processes and practices using desk-research.
 
The goals of ECA's governance indicators include:
  1. Measuring the prevailing state of governance and monitoring progress in governance.
  2. Identifying gaps between policy, constitutional and other legal provisions and actual practice.
  3. Comparing perceptions of the general population with those of an expert panel in matters of adequacy of, access to and efficiency in basic government services' and identifying areas of governance perceived as inadequate. 
  4. Identifying capacity needs.
  5. Sharing cross-country experiences with a view to identifying important lessons in the form of "best practices" for promoting economic growth and sustainable development.
  6. Building in-country research capacity to measure and monitor governance.
  7. Nurturing local ownership for, and commitment to, the objectives of the project.
  8. Refining and strengthening ECA's research capacity in measuring and monitoring progress in governance and laying the foundation for the future use of second generation indicators.
  9. Providing substantive information for the publication of Africa Governance Report, which is to serve as a medium for the exchange of information and experiences in governance in Africa.
  10. Constructing indices of governance for member countries to serve as inputs for monitoring progress in governance in the years to come.
 
The project thus aims at providing a mechanism for monitoring progress towards the creation of the capable state in Africa, at enhancing that progress, and developing in-house and regional capacity for future research on governance.
Publications: 
  1. African Governance Report 2005
  2. Synthesis of the African Governance Report 2005 ( http://www.uneca.org/agr/ )
  3. Country profiles: Electronic publications
Cost (specify currency): 
2 500 000 USD
Funding sources: 
In addition to Regular Budget ,The AG Project was financially supported by the African Development Bank, GTZ, DFID, The Netherlands, Norway, Denmark, Sweden and other partners
Source of Data: 
Using a combination of own and existing data
Type of Data Collection: 
Administrative Data
Panel of experts
Performance assessment / Desk studies
Random sample population survey
Secondary sources
Specifications of type of data collection: 
The project has used three research instruments:
 
  1. Instrument I used an expert panel of about 100 national experts to get responses on more demanding issues of governance
  2. Instrument II used a probability sample of households in each selected project country; sample size ranged from 2000-3100 covering the entire nation
  3. Instrument III used desk research to complement the results obtained using the two methods
Measurement Methods / Tools Generated or Used : 
The measurement methods vary with the instruments:
  1. Instrument I: there are 83 indicators in the expert panels each with 5 grouped response options
  2. Instrument II: there are 39 indicators in the national sample household survey; closed questions to address issues of popular participation, government effectiveness, quality of government services, accessibility of government services, perception of national problems and economic management.
  3. Instrument III: There are a wide spectrum of governance indicators (more than 150) in the survey and desk-research.
List of Indicators: 
The African Governance project measures and monitors good governance in the following areas:
  1. Political Governance (democratic regime and structure of political representation; social inclusiveness; public voices and legitimacy of political frameworks; as well as the integrity and legitimacy of the electoral process)
  2. Economic Governance and Public Financial Management (public financial management; and accountability and integrity in the monetary and financial systems)
  3. Private Sector Development and Corporate Governance (development of the private sector; publics and private partnerships; protecting property rights and improving corporate governance)
  4. Institutional Checks and Balances (seperation of power; dominance of the executive; checks and balances of the executive, effectiveness of the legislative, judiciary and non state actors)
  5. Institutional Effectiveness and accountability of the executive (Institutiona capacity; transparency and accountability; corruption; policy making process and coherence; service delivery and response to HIV/AIDS pandemic in Africa)
  6. Human Rights and the Rule of Law (the state of human rights and rule of law; and institutional mechanisms for safeguarding and enforcing human rights) 
  7. Institutional Capacity Building for Good Governance (Capacity Gaps in states and non-state sectors and recommendations for enhancing capacity development within them)
Main Users: 
Civil society
Donor agencies
International agencies
Media
Policy makers
Researchers