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Pilot Survey on Ill-treatment and Abuses by law-enforcement authorities in Mexico City (Federal District) - Metagora pilot experience

Geographical Scope: 
Regions:
Country:
Purpose: 
The main objective of the initiative is to develop a method to estimate the current frequency and characteristics of ill-treatment by public forces working in the police and procurement of justice systems in the Federal District, and to propose a follow-up strategy of such violations.
 
The idea behind this study is to provide the Mexican society as a whole (authorities and the population) with information on a widely-recognized but not properly measured phenomenon: that of acts of ill-treatment. The implications of such violations are extremely negative for the country in terms of democracy, governance and human rights.
 
The measurement and systematic monitoring of ill-treatment should contribute to define concrete evidence-based policies, including the implementation of measures to prevent ill-treatment. This would substantially increase the quality, efficiency and accountability of governmental action as well as enhance the respect and protection of human rights.
 
The pilot study, and specifically the questionnaire on which most of the initiative is based, is linked to national and international legislation and jurisprudence relating to ill-treatment and the work of police and procurement of justice agents.
 
The target group of the survey is the open population aged 15 or more living in households in the Federal District.
Cost (specify currency): 
320 000 USD
Funding sources: 
Metagora
Source of Data: 
Own source of data
Type of Data Collection: 
Administrative Data
In depth interviews
Random sample population survey
Specifications of type of data collection: 
The target population of this survey is the population aged 15 or more with permanent residence in the Distrito Federal and the sample includes some 8,600 households. To select the people to be interviewed, the team resorted to a 'random' (every household in the population under study has a known and positive probability of being selected for the sample), 'stratified' (units of observation can be divided in groups which share similar characteristics) and 'multi-staged' (units of observation are selected through several stages) elaboration of the sample.
Measurement Methods / Tools Generated or Used : 
The study is based on both qualitative and quantitative data. Indeed, the study was made possible through the combined use of in-depth interviews and the implementation of a questionnaire-based survey. The questionnaire includes 3 categories of questions:
 
  1. some relating to perception (of the population with regard to public officers working in the police and procurement of justice systems)
  2. other more objective questions aimed to capture the incidence of contacts with, and ill-treatment of, public security agents in the Federal District
  3. a number of socio-demographic questions
 
An important result of this study is the development of tools to monitor and assess the human rights situation in a given entity (this includes the percentage of contacts between the population and the authority with and without ill-treatment, the percentage of contacts characterized by a particular ill-treatment, etc.).
List of Indicators: 
To be developed
Main Users: 
Civil society
Policy makers
Researchers