Racism and Intolerance
Name of Organization:
Type of Initiatives:
- Europe and CIS
- Czech Republic
ECRI is an independent human rights monitoring body of the Council of Europe composed of independent experts from all 45 Council of Europe member States.
ECRI monitors phenomena of racism and racial discrimination in each of the member States of the Council of Europe and draws up reports containing its analyses and recommendations for dealing with the problems of racism and intolerance identified in each country. As a result of the resurgence of racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance, ECRI was set up by the first Summit of Heads of State and Government of the Council of Europe, held in Vienna in 1993 with the mandate to combat racism, xenophobia, antisemitism and intolerance in greater Europe, from the perspective of the protection of human rights.
ECRI's action covers all necessary measures to combat violence, discrimination and prejudice faced by persons or groups of persons, notably on grounds of race, colour, language, religion, nationality and national or ethnic origin.
On 13 June 2002, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted a new Statute for ECRI, which reinforces ECRI's role as a permanent monitoring body on issues related to racism and racial discrimination and introduces a legal obligation for member States to appoint independent and impartial members. In its country monitoring work ECRI deals with all member States of the Council of Europe on an equal footing.
Publications to be found on the website under http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/ecri/library/publications_en.asp
Source of Data:
Using a combination of own and existing data
Type of Data Collection:
In depth interviews
Specifications of type of data collection:
ECRI's country-by-country monitoring work is taking place in four/five-year cycles, covering ten/twelve countries per year.
The reports of the first round were completed at the end of 1998 and those of the second round at the end of the year 2002. Work on the third round reports started in January 2003.
The following countries were covered in 2003 in the framework of the third round of country-by-country work: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Norway, Slovakia and Switzerland. ECRI's third reports on these countries are expected to be published during 2004.
The following countries are covered in 2004: Albania, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, France, Poland, Sweden, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey and United Kingdom. ECRI's third reports on these countries are expected to be published during 2005.
The following countries will be covered in 2005: Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Romania, Russian Federation and Spain. ECRI's third reports on these countries are expected to be published during 2006.
The following countries will be covered in 2006: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Finland, Georgia, Iceland, Ireland, Portugal and Slovenia. ECRI's third reports on these countries are expected to be published during 2007.
The following countries will be covered in 2007: Andorra, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Malta, Moldova, the Netherlands, San Marino and Ukraine. ECRI's third reports on these countries are expected to be published during 2008.
Measurement Methods / Tools Generated or Used :
When preparing country reports ECRI bases itself on a number of information sources:
- written and oral information from NGOs
- representatives of minority groups
- independent experts
- national authorities
In addition ECRI conducts contact visits to each country under examination in order to obtain as detailed and comprehensive a picture as possible of the situation there.