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Global Peace Index

Producer: 

The Institute for Economics and Peace

Stated Purpose: 

To rank the nations of the world by their peacefulness and identify some of the drivers of peace.

Area of Governance: 
Conflict
Funding Source: 

The Institute for Economics and Peace

Current usage: 

Governments use this tool to structure policy considerations and for tourism promotion and country branding. Academics look to the unique data sets for further research, to enhance existing work, and to integrate into university coursework.  NGOs examine the Global Peace Index (GPI) to inform their campaigns, help them select areas of focus for their  program, and to evaluate risk.  

Type of data used: 

GPI uses data from a wide range of international sources,  incl. the  International Institute of Strategic Studies, the World Bank, the Stockholm International Peace Research  Institute, various UN entities, including the UN Office of Drugs and Crime, peace institutes, and Economist  Intelligence Unit country analysts, among others.

Coverage: 

Country Coverage
2007:
121 countries
2008: 140 countries
2009: 144 countries
2010: 149 countries
2011-2012: 153 countries
2013: 166 countries
Year Coverage: 2007 - present (updated annually)

Contact details: 

Vision of Humanity
PO Box 42,
St Leonards NSW 1590
Sydney,
AUSTRALIA
Ph: +61 (2) 9901 8500
Fx: +61 (2) 9439 4843
E-mail: info@visionofhumanity.org

Methodology: 

The GPI is composed of 22 - 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators, ranging from a nation’s level of military expenditure to its relations with neighbouring countries and the level of respect for human rights.  
All of the indicators  are banded on a scale of 1-5 and qualitative indicators are scored by the Economist Intelligence Unit’s extensive team of country analysts. The indicators are divided into three key thematic categories:  

• 5 measures of ongoing conflict such as number of conflicts fought and number of deaths from  organized conflict.
•10 measures of societal safety and security such as number of displaced people, potential for  terrorist acts, number of homicides, number of jailed population.
• 8 measures of militarization such as military expenditure, number of armed service personnel, ease  of access to small arms and light weapons.  


The overall score is weighted 60% for internal peace and 40% for external peace. 

The GPI is then tested against a range of potential drivers or determinants of peace encompassing  standards of governance and efficiency; the strength of formal and informal institutions and the political process; international openness; demographics; regional integration; religion and culture; and education and  material well-being.

Format of results: 

Expressed quantitatively as a score between 1 and 5. The closer the score is  to ‘1’, the more peaceful the country is, with scores closer to ‘5’ indicating relatively less peace.  

Valid Use: 

The GPI is intended to contribute significantly to the public debate on peace.The project’s ambition is to go beyond a crude measure of wars—and systematically explore the texture of peace.  Moreover, provide a platform for further study and discussion, which will inspire and influence world leaders and governments to further action.

Invalid Use: 

The GPI  is not a forecasting tool as the majority of indicators are backward looking indicators which  provide data on the existence of direct violence in countries.

Example results: