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Define and select indicators
It is important to have a participatory , consultative approach to defining and selecting governance indicators. This means involving key institutions in a series of workshops, using the agreed governance assessment framework as a basis for selecting indicators. The creation of partnerships, especially amongst national statistical agencies, NGOs, academic institutions and government, is critical for selecting indicators that are technically sound, operationally feasible and politically acceptable.
Once a governance assessment framework has been developed that reflects a consensus on what constitutes governance and key governance priorities to focus on, a significant task is to select indicators. An indicator is different from a statistic in that it provides descriptive or analytical information on conditions or trends. A governance indicator also is a measure that points out an aspect of the state of governance in a country. It does not have to be numeric, although this certainly makes it easier to monitor progress or deterioration. Generally, a governance indicator focuses on a small, manageable and tangible piece of a system to provide a sense of the bigger picture.
It is critical that governance indicators are selected that highlight the potentially different experiences of governance felt by vulnerable groups, including women and the poor.