Stakeholder analysis refers to a range of techniques for mapping and understanding the power, positions and perspectives of stakeholders who have an interest in and/or are likely to be affected by a particular policy proposal. Undertaking a stakeholder analysis is important for identifying stakeholders who have a strategic interest in taking part in the democratic governance assessment, and for making sure that participation is inclusive. Participation in the assessment should be broad and include government as well as non-government stakeholders.
In bridging the link from research to policymaking, the governance assessment findings need to relate to the political context. Situating the assessment from the beginning within a context of political interests may not represent a compromise, but rather, a prerequisite for attracting and entrenching political commitment to reform.
A stakeholder analysis may provide insight into the prospect of democratic governance reform and the ways in which organizations may influence the outcome of the policy process. Therefore, it may form a useful basis for strategizing about how to obtain buy-in from key actors, as well as assessing opportunities and possible risks to a national governance assessment.
Lastly, a stakeholder analysis can assist in disaggregating drivers of supply and demand in terms of political interests and opportunities and constraints of social groups, actors and institutions. For example, the supply of governance evidence that is gender-sensitive may be low, because demand for this type of data by women is hindered by practices and values that constrain women's role in politics.