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Gender Equality Index 2013

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This report is a result of the EIGE Institute’s work of the past three years, which presents a synthetic measure of gender equality – the Gender Equality Index. It is the only index that gives a comprehensive map of gender gaps in the EU and across Member States based on the EU policy framework.

Structure of the report

The first section positions the Gender Equality Index as a measure of gender equality for the EU. It shortly reviews the definitions and approaches to gender equality, as well as main existing gender equality indices along with their shortcomings. The rationale behind producing a Gender Equality Index is also set out.
The second part of the report outlines the conceptual framework used for the Gender Equality Index. It describes the major areas of concern in the field of gender equality that are of particular interest to European policy.

Subsequently, the methodology employed is described.It gives information on how the conceptual structure (underpinned by policy and theory) was translated into a measurable structure (underpinned by data and statistical considerations), as well as the steps followed to compute the Index.

The fourth section presents an overview of the gender in­ dicators, by domain, used to construct the Gender Equality Index. For each indicator, a detailed analysis of both levels of achievement and gender gaps is provided, at EU level, across Member States and where possible over time.

The report then provides a detailed breakdown of the Gen­der Equality Index scores for each country. It also discusses the contribution of each indicator to the Gender Equality Index. Finally, this section analyses the results in conjunc­tion with other contextual variables in Member States such as GDP and spending on key policy areas.

Finally, the report concludes with the main findings of the Gender Equality Index.

Accompanying this report is a set of 27 Country Profiles which provide an overview of the score of the Gender Equality Index for each Member State, along with selected policy initiatives for the promotion of gender equality and key data at national level. The profiles aim to support de­cision­makers and researchers alike in drawing conclusions to feed into national and EU level debates on closing the gender equality gap even further.