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Millennium Development Goal 9: indicators and the state of democracy in Mongolia
UNDP Mongolia & Institute of Philosophy, Sociology, Law of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences
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This publication contains two parts that present the outputs of the MDG-9 Project: the first part describes the methodology and the baseline for the MDG-9 indicators while the second describes the changes in the state of Mongolia’s democratic governance on the basis of the Country Information Note-II and the State of Democracy Assessment-II conducted in 2008 as a follow-up to the similar pilot research conducted in 2005 and published in 2006.
On 21 April 2005, the State Great Hural (Parliament) of Mongolia adopted a resolution on the national MDGs that included a ninth MDG on human rights, democratic governance, and anti-corruption in addition to the globally recognized eight MDGs. The MDG-9 includes the following objectives: (1) Fully respect and uphold the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, ensure the freedom of media, and provide the public with free access to information, (2) Mainstream democratic principles and practices into life, and (3) Develop a zero-tolerance environment to corruption in all spheres of society. Thus Mongolia became the first country to formulate governance MDG and emphasize the role of democratic governance in achieving successfully MDGs and other socio-economic development goals. By incorporating the targets on human rights and democratic governance, MDG-9 impacts the process of implementing other MDGs.