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The Impact of Government Budget shifts to Regional Disparities in Indonesia: Before an After Decentralization

Adiwan F. Aritenang
Publication year: 
Source of the information: 
Munich Personal RePEc Archive
Since its independence, Indonesia has experience a rapid and uneven economic growth. The financial crisis in 1998 has led Indonesia to decentralisation with a new political and government budget order in 2001. Researches found that the local government’s main expenditure are on routine spending, such as wage and asset maintenance, not on the development spending.
Using macroeconomic data from 1993 to 2005, this paper aims to overview the inequality in Indonesia regions before and after the decentralisation. The paper deploy a set of data on inter government fiscal transfer, expenditure rate, and the level of revenue as a proxy variables to understand the effect to inequality.


The paper overviews the level of disparities by using various methods and also the shifts of regional inequality over time. It is suggested that inequality level is still severe and convergence rate has decrease throughout the decentralisation era. Impacts from inequality can be detected although weak and fluctuated over time.